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HT12D vs HT12E: How To Choose The Right Encoder/Decoder Chip For Your Project

HT12D vs HT12E How To Choose The Right EncoderDecoder Chip For Your Project

The Holtek HT12D and HT12E are popular encoder/decoder chips used in remote control systems. Choosing between these two models can be tricky, as they have similar features but some key differences. This article examines the differences between the HT12D and HT12E to help you pick the right chip.

Overview of HT12D and HT12E

Both the HT12D and HT12E are CMOS LSIs designed for remote control system applications. They use encoders and decoders to transmit and receive data.


The Holtek HT12D is a 12-bit encoder/decoder designed for DC power supply. Key features:

  • Encodes 12-bit data
  • Latchable outputs
  • Low power consumption
  • Operating voltage: 2.4V to 12V DC


The HT12E is also a 12-bit encoder/decoder, with these notable features:

  • Encodes 12-bit data
  • Easy interfacing with microcontrollers
  • Low power consumption
  • Operating voltage: 4.5V to 5.5V DC

Key Differences

While the HT12D and HT12E share similarities, there are some important differences to consider:

Operating Voltage

  • HT12D: 2.4V to 12V DC
  • HT12E: 4.5V to 5.5V DC

The HT12D has a wider operating voltage range, making it more versatile for different power sources. The HT12E is limited to 5V systems.

Latching Outputs

  • HT12D: Yes
  • HT12E: No

The HT12D contains latching outputs to hold data even when transmission stops. The HT12E does not have this feature.

Microcontroller Interface

  • HT12D: More complex
  • HT12E: Simpler, open-drain outputs

The HT12E is easier to interface with microcontrollers thanks to its open-drain outputs. The HT12D requires more components to interface.

Choosing Between HT12D and HT12E

So which encoder/decoder chip should you choose? Here are some guidelines:

  • For lower voltage systems under 5V, choose the HT12E. The 4.5V to 5.5V range makes it ideal for 5V microcontroller projects.
  • If you need latching outputs to store data, go with the HT12D. The HT12E does not have this capability.
  • For direct microcontroller interfacing, the HT12E is easier to work with. The HT12D needs extra components to interface.
  • For higher voltage systems up to 12V, the HT12D is the only choice. The HT12E cannot handle voltage above 5.5V.
  • Both chips consume very low power. Look at your voltage and interfacing needs to decide.

Example Projects

Here are some example projects you can create with these encoder/decoder pairs:

  • Remote control cars or boats
  • Garage door openers
  • Wireless alarm systems
  • Robotics remote control
  • Wireless sensors

The HT12D or HT12E handle encoding/decoding needs for the wireless data transmission in these systems.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the main difference between HT12D and HT12E?

The main differences are the operating voltage range and output types. The HT12D works from 2.4V to 12V, while the HT12E works from 4.5V to 5.5V. The HT12D has latching outputs and the HT12E has simpler open-drain outputs.

How do I choose between HT12D vs HT12E?

Look at your voltage requirements and interfacing needs. HT12E is good for 5V systems with direct microcontroller connections. HT12D is better for a wider voltage range and if you need latching outputs.

Can I use both HT12D and HT12E together?

Yes, you can use an HT12E encoder with an HT12D decoder and vice versa. As long as the transmitted data format is the same, the encoder/decoder pairs will be compatible.

What data format do the HT12D and HT12E use?

Both chips use a 12-bit data word that includes 8 address bits and 4 data bits. This 12-bit data format allows the transmission of 16 different addresses and 16 data combinations.

What is the transmission distance for these encoder/decoder pairs?

The maximum transmission distance is approximately 100 meters. Factors like power supply, antenna quality, and environment can affect the usable range.